国外院校

发表时间:2021/2/1 14:43:34  浏览次数:99  
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海 外 留 学 指 南



一: 录制自己的CD,在网上找心仪的学校和教授,设法寄给他(她)


二:  摸清你报考的学校,如录取率、生活成本、治安状况、口碑、回国后的竞争力


三: 过语言关,如果没把握,就去找个中介(须正规且成功案例多),上北京上海去找比较好补习学校






美国等西方国家挑选钢琴学生标准



一有天赋,二有献身艺术事业的决心,三有相当严格的训练。


进校后除严格专业训练外,一是重视知识和文化的积累(即学生要花相当多的时间读名著、学历史、学心理,加强文化底蕴),二是重视博学,即学科的交叉。


学音乐的也要学一些形体和表演,也要学一点声乐。


学院对学生所起的转化作用就是,使有天赋的学生变成对艺术充满感情并能打动观众的艺术家。


美国音乐学院是需要托福成绩的,IBT不能低于89,写作部分不能低于21





01 科蒂斯音乐学院(美) 02茱莉亚音乐学院(美) 03罗彻斯特大学伊斯曼音乐学院(美)


04 新英格兰音乐学院(美) 05汉诺威音乐学院(德) 06柏林艺术大学(德)


07 曼哈顿音乐学院(美) 08巴黎国立音乐学院(法) 09印地安那大学音乐学院(美)


10 汉堡音乐学院(德) 11英国皇家音乐学院(英) 12维也纳音乐和戏剧艺术学院(奥)


13 多伦多音乐学院(加) 14莫斯科国立柴可夫斯基音乐学院(俄) 15克里夫兰音乐学院(美)


16 密歇根大学音乐学院(美) 17奥柏林大学音乐学院(美) 18圣彼得堡音乐学院(俄)


19 曼尼斯音乐学院(美) 20约翰霍普金斯大学皮博迪音乐学院(美) 21科隆音乐学院(德)


22 辛辛那提大学音乐学院(美) 23莱比锡音乐学院(德) 24里昂国立高等音乐学院(法)


25 耶鲁大学音乐学院(美)






A Brief History of Western Music



Western music is generally broken down into six periods. Each of these periods have certain characteristics which have shaped it and remained with it throughout its duration.


The Medieval Period (400-1400)


Prior to about 900, nearly all the music we have any record of is a simple, one line structure called a plainchant. This was made up of one melodic line sung in unison by everybody. More complex music existed, but as it was secular and not sacred, we have very few, if any, written accounts of it.


Gradually, over the next 500 years, people began to expand on this simple structure by adding voices. At first, these voices sung a fixed interval above or below the original line. This was called an organum.



By 1300, three and four voice compositions were being written. These works are referred to as polyphonic (many voices), to distinguish them from the monophony (single voice) of the simple plainchant.


The Renaissance (1400-1600)



By 1400 or shortly thereafter, several composers were writing polyphony in a slightly different way. Instead of using a slower bottom voice and faster upper voices, they made all voices equal in rhythmic variety. And instead of using four different chants, they used a single chant which was stated in each of the voices, upon their entrance, and the developed differently from one voice to the next. This led to a more unified sounding work.



Most of the development during this period was made in Italy. However, with the Reformation and rise of Protestantism in the latter half of the 16th Century, the nature of music had to change.


The Baroque Period (1600-1750)



One of the major changes in daily life around 1600 was the switch from the Catholic church to various Protestant religion. The result of this change was that the language of the services switched from Latin to German. Because most people had not spoken Latin, the masses could be as ornate as the composer desired. But if the language was understandable by the majority of the people, the music should be simple enough that they could understand the words. As a result, the Catholic Latin mass was no longer needed, but new German services were. New hymns (chorales) were written to provide music for these services. These were primarily homophonic (simple chordal structure) in nature, contrasting with the polyphony that continued in instrumental and Latin works.



Franz Liszt (1811 – 1886)


He was the first piano “rock-star” virtuoso, thrilling audiences and capturing the hearts of women with his exciting playing. Franz Liszt invented the concept of the piano recital. Before him, nobody dared to have just a single pianist for an entire concert! But Liszt’s powerful and astounding playing were enough to fill concert halls all over Europe.


20th century, modern, and contemporary music




Mordernism(1905–1985) marked a period when many composers rejected certain values of the common practice period, such as traditional tonality, melody, instrumentation, and structure. Composers, academics, and musicians developed extensions of music theory and technique. 20th century classical music, encompassing a wide variety of post-Romantic styles composed through the year 1999, includes late Romantic, Modern and Postmodern styles of composition. The term "contemporary music" is sometimes used to describe music composed in the late 20th century through to the present day.


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